It was worth reading for me to get some overview of what is meant when people talk about The Enlightenment. As well as considering the broad themes of belief, practice, organisation and propagation, it will also examine what Christians have meant by their use of terms like authority, tradition, reform or hierarchy.
Such a methodology was most spectacularly achieved in the sciences and mathematicswhere the logics of induction and deduction made possible the creation of a sweeping new cosmology.
Robertson is brave to take up the titanic challenge of summarizing what is certainly one of the most profound and broad historical phenomena of human history and of explaining how it was contested.
But we can enrich our own thinking, our awareness of the variety of ways of understanding human affairs, by imaginatively reconstructing the conceptual languages of Enlightenment thinkers, recognizing the problems they encountered, and appreciating the originality of their responses to them.
Robertson states that an intellectual-historical approach to the Enlightenment — the approach taken in this book — can offer historical perspective page The "public" was sensitised to Enlightenment ideas in the 17th century.
Christian thinkers gradually found uses for their Greco-Roman heritage. Key Enlightenment figures, including Locke, Rousseau and Adam Smith, recognised that Europeans were just as cruel as those societies they despised, that "progress" and "modernity" always came with of vanity, inequality and other moral compromises.
His writing shows that he is qualified to give an outline, his text is informative and well structured, and he generally aims at being objective as a professional historian should.
The Romans adopted and preserved much of Greek culturenotably including the ideas of a rational natural order and natural law. Coffee houses began to spread in the 17th century.
Three, two hundred year periods have been chosen as pivotal in the development of Christianity, reflecting the conventional divisions into ancient, medieval and early modern.
The Enlightenment was no panacea and clearly did not open the doors of perfection to humanity. Locke and Jeremy Bentham in England, MontesquieuVoltaireJean-Jacques RousseauDenis Diderotand Condorcet in France, and Thomas Paine and Thomas Jefferson in colonial America all contributed to an evolving critique of the arbitrary, authoritarian state and to sketching the outline of a higher form of social organization, based on natural rights and functioning as a political democracy.
The same can be said for dinstinctive Enlightenment ideas that were naieve and dangerous, such as confidence in rationalism and continuous progress.
This is an excellent introduction to Church Historyand my only criticism stems from how good it is.
The term represents a phase in the intellectual history of Europe, but it also serves to define programs of reform in which influential literati, inspired by a common faith in the possibility… A brief treatment of the Enlightenment follows. The contributions of Bacon and Newton to the Enlightenment focus on scientific method and empiricism were made in the 17th century.
The notion of humans as neither good nor bad but interested principally in survival and the maximization of their own pleasure led to radical political theories. Enlightenment ideas of Hobbes, Spinoza and Locke were published and matured in the 17th century.
The Reign of Terror that followed the French Revolution severely tested the belief that an egalitarian society could govern itself.
A Very Short Introduction by John Robertson is an introduction to various Enlightenment thinkers and the influence they have had and how their contribution has been seen since The Enlightenment.
The Renaissance rediscovered much of Classical culture and revived the notion of humans as creative beings, and the Reformation, more directly but in the long run no less effectively, challenged the monolithic authority of the Roman Catholic Church.
The system of thought known as Scholasticismculminating in the work of Thomas Aquinasresurrected reason as a tool of understanding but subordinated it to spiritual revelation and the revealed truths of Christianity.
On pagehe points out that the historic phenomenon was clearly ended by the French Revolution — that is, by a historical event. Beyond the natural religion of the Deists lay the more radical products of the application of reason to religion:An Introduction to the History of Christianity is a beautifully crafted and clearly written introduction to Christianity over its 2, year history concentrating on the interraction between the sacred and the secular.
This book will adopt an approach radically different to that of many general. The Enlightenment, also known as the Age of Reason, was a philosophical movement that took place primarily in Europe and, later, in North America, during the late 17 th and early 18 th century.
A very short introduction with some important limitations For this small book, John Robertson, Professor of the History of Political Thought at Cambridge University, takes on the large goals of outlining of the Enlightenment and explaining why it has been and continues to be contested/5.
ABSTRACTThis article is an introduction to a special issue on ‘Religious Toleration in the Age of Enlightenment’. It begins by characterizing the Enlightenment's attitude towards religion as an opposition to bigotry and ecclesiastic authority based on a particular interpretation of the European Wars of Religion.
If the title "History and the Enlightenment" is a bit heavy-handed, the contents are less ponderous. Trevor-Roper's breezy style is open to every reader, He reminds us chiefly of David Hume, whose clever and readable history of England, Trevor-Roper praises billsimas.com the essay "David Hume, Historian," almost the last word on the philosopher's 5/5(3).
Enlightenment, French siècle des Lumières (literally “century of the Enlightened”), German Aufklärung, a European intellectual movement of the 17th and 18th centuries in which ideas concerning God, reason, nature, and humanity were synthesized into a worldview that gained wide assent in the West and that instigated revolutionary developments in art, philosophy, and politics.Download