Whereas when modernity is believed to be on the constant change, historians believe that Renaissance formed its first stage in the world, followed by Scientific Revolution 17th CenturyEnlightenment 18th CenturyFrench Revolutionand the Industrial Revolution 18th to 19th Century.
The spiritual basis of the Western Civilization lies in individualism, that presupposes that the individual is more important than the crowd, in the idea of progress and belief in it; in practical approach to existence, in the idea that reality can and ought to be changed, that history has the beginning and the end and that a human being is not a piece of paper drifting down by the stream of life, but in fact someone that is capable of changing himself and everything around him.
Causes of the Protestant Reformation The protestants movement, is considered to be the most influential movements in the history of Christianity, which is believed to have started somewhere in the early 14th Century, and continued up to the 16th century, which relate it to the medieval heritage of the Western Civilization.
These distinguishing features of a civilization may include the functioning of its government, economic system, social stratification, and other cultural traits.
It characterized many countries of medieval and Renaissance Europe, specifically England, and was finally transferred to the United States of America, making it one of its most prominent heirs.
It has made a lot of universal influence in modern times. This European culture is sometimes equated with western civilization and lifestyle.
The activists of the Protestant reformation also claimed that this era alone was responsible for the Civilization essay jung western of the Catholic Church. This era is widely known as the Dark Period due to the cultural depravity, which existed, and the society, which lost its structure as well as its organization.
It had a great affect upon the intellectual thinking of the people especially in subjects such as philosophy, literature, arts, politics, science, and religion; whereby everything was now being studied at the human level, bringing his theme to importance.
The government was being improved at a more rational level, declining the rule of monarchs and believing in secular living and freedom of speech.
While some historians also referred this period to as the era of barbaric darkness due to the decline of the Roman Empire. The Civilization of the Renaissance in Italy. They used these ancient sources as the basis for a wide-ranging critique of church and culture.
However, the Western civilization has been rich in classical changes through out its lifetime, and the most widely known periods of this civilization Civilization essay jung western the Protestant Reformation, Renaissance, and the Middle Ages, which give the West its outlook of today.
Until the middle of the 19th century Japan was a backwater country that stopped to develop several centuries before — several decades after it has accepted Capitalism it managed to defeat enormous Russian Empire in a war; the same now happens in China. Western Civilization Western civilization is deeply connected to Mediterranean and European roots and again to the previous Western Roman Empire as well as the Medieval Western Christendom who came out of feudalism to encounter such transformative episodes in history such as those of reformation, renaissance, the industrial revolution, the enlightenment and the establishment of liberal.
These include those of the Jewish, Latin, Germanic and Celtic along with other linguistic and ethnic groups together with Christianity and most specifically the Catholic Church that had a very significant role in the molding of western civilization back from the 4th century.
Essay Samples Western Civilization Essay Although nowadays it is fashionable to speak about the equality of all the nations, civilizations and ways of development or even of the inferiority of the Western Civilization in what concerns its relations with other cultures, for example, the Chinese one, to my mind, these opinions are based on either lack of knowledge on the subject or some kind of intellectual masochism that modern decadent Westerners seem to be so keen on displaying.
All this means that Western civilization not necessarily should be connected with Europe, but with any nation that accepts its ideals. After the 5th century fall of the Roman Empire, the Europe got into the middle ages, a period within which the Catholic Church filled the power gap that was left in the west through the fall of Rome as the Byzantine Empire succeeded for many centuries that saw it become a Hellenic Eastern contrast to the then Latin West.
Reformation during the 14th century shattered Christian unity. However, the government and the Church, which at that time worked together, did not want the people to get the idea that they could even function without their supremacy, and their power was greatly declining due to the rise of printing press.
It first began from Italy, and later spread sporadically around Europe, over the era of 14th to 16th Century. This word was first coined by Italian scholar, Francesco Petrarca who brought the concept of light versus darkness, with dark being the lack of Christianity, which was being practiced across Europe, and that of cultural ailment of the society.
He and his followers were against the false practices, which were now placed under the name of religion, and also the buying and selling of the hierarchy powers with in the church reaching up to even the position of the Pope. Terrified by the mere thought of writing your college paper?
Thus an uprising, which stood up against the Catholic Church, turned its direction towards the monarchs, taking a political, economical, as well as social revolution form.Essay Midterm: Assyria and Western Civilization.
create the Western civilization. Although Egyptian civilization is often more appealing to those studying history today, the affects that Mesopotamia had on the evolution of civilizations is much more significant.
An Overview of Western Civilization The Six Major Periods of Western Civilization (BCE = BC; CE = AD) 1. Mesopotamia, Egypt, & Hebrews (. Words: Length: 4 Pages Document Type: Essay Paper #: Black Death and its impact on Western Civilization Black Death and Religion The Black Death adversely impacted the reputation of the Catholic Church since its own adherents (including clergy) were ill and dying and the Church proved impotent to cure them.
Western Civilization In this essay I will be discussing four of the major themes in this course in terms of progress, they will be religion, humanism, individualism and secularism. Generally, western civilization is this heritage of ethical values, social norms, belief systems, traditional customs, political systems along with particular artifacts and technologies that had a similar origin from the west though had a.
Western civilization is based on a number of features that have been present in this or that culture for about two thousand years by now, becoming more and more distinctly expressed each time they were inherited by a new civilization.Download