Causes of extinction are as follows: Here animals are allowed to breed in captivity. As many as game sanctuaries and 21 national parks have been developed to protect the natural habitat and wild animals. Operations such as harvesting of timber, collection of minor forest products and private ownership rights are allowed so long as they do not affect the animals adversely.
There should be no exploitation of forest in these areas. The establishment of national parks, wildlife reserves and wildlife sanctuaries and zoological gardens serves many purposes such as: In several European and American countries, millions of people hunt or fish for recreation, spending billions of dollars on these sports.
Human activity is allowed but ecology is not permitted to be disturbed. It was named earlier as Sanctuary in but in it was declared as a National Park.
Each biosphere reserve has a: The most commonly adopted methods for the conservation of wildlife, in brief, are as follows: Apart from these, scientific management of sanctuaries and national parks is must to achieve the goal within short time.
In fact, national parks can only be constituted or abolished through state legislation, whereas wildlife sanctuaries are created through an order of a competent authority, who can be the chief conservator of forests or a minister of a state.
Following are the main reasons causing depletion in wildlife population: All human activities are completely banned in the area under the national parks, whereas in wildlife sanctuaries, some human activities like timber extraction, forestry and cultivation are allowed, provided they do not have direct adverse impact on the wildlife.
In wildlife conservation, the objective is that the wildlife is to be conserved in such a way that it may remain in the nature in peak status.
Freshwater fish and other aquatic creatures also provide large amount of food for people. Dachigam National Park Project Hangul: Scientific studies of many of wildlife species are of direct value to humans.
Attention must be given towards fire, salt-licks, watch-towers, roads etc. InNational Park was declared as Tiger Reserve to give special protection to the tigers of this part.
Both national Parks and wild life sanctuaries together constitute All the countries have promulgated laws for the protection and conservation of wildlife.Essay on Wildlife in India | Zoology.
Article Shared by. The zoological gardens are somewhat different from sanctuaries and wildlife national parks as the animals are kept in cages in zoological gardens for show.
The animals, thus, do not get natural habitat in zoological gardens. Essay, Essay on Wildlife in India, India, Wildlife. ADVERTISEMENTS: India has over animal sanctuaries, referred to as wildlife sanctuaries (under IUCN category IV protected area).
Among these are 28 Tiger Reserves which are governed by Project Tiger and are of special significance in the conservation of tiger. Many national parks were initially Wild Life sanctuaries.
A sanctuary is a protected place or [ ]. Due to these reasons, various areas are declared as the national parks and wildlife sanctuaries in the country for the protection of animals and their natural habitant.
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Are Wildlife Sanctuaries Good for Animals? By Rachel Hartigan Shea, National Geographic. Animal lovers go to wildlife sanctuaries because they want to see animals up close and because they. Wildlife Reserves, National Parks and Sanctuaries in India – Essay The wildlife reserves in India may broadly be classified in two types: national parks and wildlife sanctuaries.
Wildlife sanctuaries have the special purpose of preserving animals and birds. National parks protect the entire ecosystem. A special category of animal sanctuaries in India is the tiger [ ].
Wildlife sanctuaries in Kerela.
Print Reference this. Published: 23rd March, the bio diversity and the unique eco system. The tourist attractions here are majorly the national parks and several reserves.
Given below are species of reptiles and animals found in all the sanctuaries mentioned below them. Muthanga wildlife sanctuary also.Download